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New concepts rejuvenate the Chinese nation

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New concepts rejuvenate the Chinese nation

January 05, 2016

Reprinted from China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone:

http://en.china-shftz.gov.cn/News-Information/News-update/619.shtml

A container area is seen at the Yangshan Deep-water Port, part of the Shanghai free trade zone.

AT the beginning of his term as the top leader of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, Xi Jinping told reporters the Party’s mission: To achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

On the road to rejuvenation, the central authorities have promulgated several new concepts, including the Chinese Dream, the Two Centennial Goals, the Four Comprehensives, and the New Normal of the Chinese economy.

In addition, over the coming five years development will be underpinned by the notions of innovation, coordination, green, opening-up and sharing.

Significant achievements have been made across all sectors of governance in the years since Xi made his pledge. In just three years, Xi and the Party leadership have successfully steered China closer to achieving this great vision.

The new normal

Economic development is integral to the great rejuvenation of the nation; however, complicated international and domestic economic circumstances have not made it easy.

Xi used the phrase “new normal” in May 2014 when describing China’s next period of economic growth. He went on to elaborate on the concept on various occasions, with questions around how to understand it, how to adapt to it and how to take advantage of it emerging as major queries the country must answer.

China strived to abolish administrative red tape and began to delegate power to lower authorities. This marked a major readjustment of the existing economic structure. It was accompanied by the issuance of policies that support the supply-side reforms and promote innovation in all sectors.

The central authorities have identified new macro-economic control patterns, adapted to the new normal, and shifted its focus from demand to supply.

In fact, in recent days the central authorities convened a number of meetings on economic issues, including urbanization, poverty alleviation and urban work, showing that the central authorities are able to respond precisely to economic issues.

Innovation has been heralded as a prominent driver of economic development. Since the start of 2015, on average, over 11,000 new enterprises are established every day.

The country is also putting its full weight behind three major economic strategies, including the Belt and Road initiative, which promote infrastructure links with countries in Central, West and Southeast Asia and other regions.

The coordinated development of Beijing and Tianjin municipalities and Hebei Province will foster a new region of growth in China, while the plan to develop the economic belt along the Yangtze River will ignite a market worth trillions of yuan.

In addition, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank came into being after more than 50 countries flocked to support the financial institution. Moreover, there is the Silk Road Fund, and China is creating a new world economic pattern with an open attitude while accelerating the construction of free trade zones.

China’s GDP growth, with a rate of around 7 percent, roughly accounts for 30 percent of contribution to the world’s total economic growth.

Cracking hard nuts

When the new leadership of the Party’s Central Committee took office, they were faced with the challenge that the three-decade reform had entered a deep-water zone. The remaining reform agenda would be hard nuts to crack.

During a little over three years, China has focused on the continued reform and opening-up which are crucial to the great rejuvenation of the nation.

Since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee held in 2013, China has rolled out about 330 reform measures involving 15 sectors.

Moreover, as of last month, 19 meetings by the Central Leading Group for Deepening Overall Reform had been held, all presided over by Xi.

Nearly 100 plans for deepening reform had been drawn up during the past three years.

The plans touched upon deep-rooted interest realignment which had long stalled, including judicial reform; fiscal and taxation reform; reform of the household registration (hukou) system; remuneration reform of state-owned enterprises; public hospital reform; rural land reform; and soccer reform.

China opened three new pilot free trade zones in Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong in April, 18 months after the first FTZ was established in Shanghai to help streamline the overloaded administrative approval system and encourage innovation and internationalization.

In January 2015, the State Council unveiled a plan to unify its two-tiered pension system in the hope of improving social equality by eliminating a major disparity between public and private employee benefits.

On October 1, China began unifying three essential business certificates issued by three offices — business licenses, tax registration certificates and organization code certificates — as one certificate issued by one office.

The move has significantly simplified the registration procedure for businesses, thereby, encouraging startups.

Apart from reforms, the CPC Central Committee attached great importance to poverty reduction.

Addressing the Global Poverty Reduction and Development Forum in October in Beijing, Xi said that during his term he had invested the most effort in poverty alleviation.

To this end, the president used seven of his 26 domestic inspection trips to specifically target poverty, and another 15 involved related activities.

From 2011 to 2014, over 52 million — almost the population of a medium-sized country — rural residents living in poverty were lifted out of poverty. There are now 70.17 million rural residents living under the poverty line.

Challenges ahead

The CPC — the world’s largest political party, which is leading the world’s largest population along a path beset with some of the greatest development challenges globally — is confronted with challenges of its own.

Over the last three years, Xi and his administration have been making strides in Party governance.

The leadership has stepped up to lead by example ensuring the whole Party have the will and drive to fight corruption and extravagance, as well as improve the official work style and tighten the bond with the people.

The Party has also improved its work in leading China’s economic development, with policies rolled out to unite society under the CPC leadership.

International role

With the blueprint charted by Xi and his administration for major-country diplomacy, China is making its presence felt globally.

China has shared its concept of the Chinese Dream and a bigger world dream with the world. It has also promoted a new type of international relations, which takes cooperation and win-win as the core.

The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, proposed by Xi, received positive responses from 60 countries and international organizations.

Over the last three years, Xi spent 124 days visiting 40 countries throughout five continents. Also, more than 100 foreign heads of state and government leaders came to China.

More voices from China are being heard, China’s international role is receiving greater attention, and China’s “circle of friends” is constantly growing.

China must not be absent from international affairs, Xi said in his New Year speech on Thursday, as the world looks to voices and answers from China.

 

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